Cheyenne Normandie (951) 538-0768

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From Wyoming Tales and Trails

This Page: Sixteenth Street (Lincoln Way) between Capitol and Ferguson (Carey), the Normandie Hotel and the Hotel Becker on Capitol Ave..


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About This Site



“A Rainy Afternoon in Cheyenne,” Artwork by Geoff Dobson, based on a photo.

The above image depicts a group crowded into the entrance of the Idelman Building avoiding a passing rain and flooded street. To the east in the distant through the rain may be seen the Burlington Station. Toward the viewer On the southeast corner of 16th and Capitol is the Normandie Hotel (formerly the Phoenix Block now the Wrangler Building). In the center of the block is the Atlas Building. The shadow of the Tivoli Saloon may be seen on the lower right-hand side of the image. In the one city block bounded by Capitol Ave., 16th Street, and 15th Street shortly after the beginning of the Twentieth Century were the leading hotels of Cheyenne. In addition to the Interocean hotel, Other leading hotels included the Metopolitan on the southwest corner of 15th and Carey, the Hotel Becker originally situated at 1506-1510 Capitol Avenue operated by Henry Becker which after being jacked-up and physically moved southward became the Albany. Charles Becker in 1910 constructed a replacement on 15th Street one-half block west of the railroad depot. 



View of Hill Street (present day Captiol). On the left is “G. L. Taylor’s Curiosities,” the Phoenix Bloxk, the Interocean Hotel, and the Opera House. On the right is the Warren Emporeum (later the Burlington Station). 

The Burlington arrived in Cheyenne from Colorado by way of Carpenter in 1887. To provide a station the Burlington purchased the Emporium. Thus, the above photo would date to prior to 1888. 

The Phoenix Block originally housed commercial stores on the ground floor, offices and rental units on the upper floors. It, as discussed further below, became the Normandie Hotel.


Phoenix Block, southwest corner of Hill Street (present day Captiol) and 16th Street (present day Lincoln Way), approx. 1887-1888. 

Gradually the rental units were converted into hotel rooms so that by 1889 the hotel advertised that it could host 150 guest at $2.00 and $2.50 per day, competitive to the Inter-Ocean which advertised rates of $2.00, $2.50, and $3.00 per day. The Hotel was conveniently located, only one-half block from the Union Pacific Depot and immediately across the street from the Burlington station. With plumbing in each room, the hotel was regarded as “upscale” By 1911, the Normandie, the Becker on 15th Street, the Metropolitan on Ferguson south of the Tivoli, and the Albany south of the Normandie were popular with visitors to the city. Ranchman Mark M. Coad (1831-1911) was a regular guest of the hotel. Code was one of the pioneers in Western Nebraska. His ranch formed the basis for the giant Bay State Cattle Co. After selling to Bay State, he created a new ranch in Fremont County Nebraska which was famous for its Percherons and coach horses. In Wyoming, he formed a 12,000 acre ranch near Horse Creek. On January 4, 1911, Coad returned from a business trip to Denver. For several days previously, a swarthy a small sheepherder from Coad’s ranch at Little Horse Creek had been inquiring for Coad. The sheepherder, Francisco S. Garrido, had previously been a Roman Catholic divinity student in Spain. and apparently been discharged by Coad’s foreman. As Coad was sitting at the writing desk in the hotel lobby, Garrido appeared and apparently demanded his pay. Words were exchanged. Four shots were fired. Coad staggered to the cigar counter and fell to the floor dead. Garrido fled into the railyards south of the depot, firing shots at anyone he saw. About an hour later, he was captured by city police and sheriff’s possemen in a cattle pen in South Chyenne. he was sent to the State Penitentiary where he committed suicide. 


Lincoln Way looking West, 1930’s. 

In the distance is the Normandie Hotel. As will be observed the original Burlington Station was razed about 1928 and replaced about 1930 with a Spanish Revival style station. To the right will be observed the Plains Hotel, the Hines Building, the Majestic Building and the Hobbs, Huckfelt and Finkbiner furniture store and funeral parlot, later the Grier Furniture Company discussed on a later page. 


Burlington Station approcimately 1930. 

The hotel was somewhat inconsistent with the spelling of “Normandie” and Normandy.” The writer has found advertisments spelling the name both ways. On the hotel iself as will be observed in the next photograph, there are both spellings. The vertical sign on the left in the photo it is spelled “Normandie” and on the sign over the entrance “Normandy.” 


Crowd gathered in front of the Normandie Hotel and the “Busy Bee” Cafe,” 1936 

The Crowd is gathered for President Franklin Roosevelt’s train. The president visited Cheyenne on October 12, 1936. See next photo. The Busy Bee was started by Theodore Zervas an emigrant from Greece. 


President Roosevelt’s train on Burlington tracks located just to south of the Normandie Hotel, 1936 

At some point the Normandie Hotel received a coat of yellow paint. In 1943, the building was partially occupied by the Wrangler. During the late 1940’s and 50’s the Normandie was replaced by the Edwards Hotel and the Busy Bee by the Edwards Cafe discussed on the next page. 


corner ofn the old Normandie Hotel Building showing both the Wwangler and the new Edwards Hotel Sign, undated. 


in the background may be seen the new Burlington Station discussed on a later page. 



Edwards Hotel, approx. 1952. 

Country superstar Reba McEntire in her memoir “Reba: My Story,” Bantam Books,2014, noted that her professional career started at the Edwards Hotel. When she was about five years old, her family went to Cheyenne Frontier Days and stayed at the Edwards. Her father, Clark McEntire was a champion roper and was her grandfather John McEntire who was champion roper of the World in 1934. She recalled that there were cowboys everywhere. At the Edwards there were no televisions in the rooms but there was one set in the lobby so that when there was nothing else to do, everyone gathered in the lobby. One of the cowboys asked her older brother Pake McEntire if he could sing. He sang “You Ain’t Nothing but a Hound Dog” Young Reba asked her bother if she could sing. She sang “Yes, Jesus Loves Me,” and received a nickle for her efforts. Thus began her professional career. 

Although, her father was thrice champion roper and a member of the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, rodeos were not particularly renumerative. She recalled that one year, 1947, her father was the fifth highest earning roper with total compensation of $1,322. In his best year 1957, he earned $5,184.

Edwards Hotel, approx. 1955. 

The Wrangler Building is now completely occupied by the Wrangler and has been painted a vibrant red and white. 


Wrangler Building, 2015. Photo by Carol Highsmith, courtesy of Library of Congress. 

Regardless of the coat of paint, a rembrance of the old Normandie Hotel has been preserved in the foorm of an old “ghost sign” on the Lincoln Way side of the building. 


“Ghost Sign” on west wall of the Wrangler Building, 2015.. 

Next Page: The Albany Hotel Building.



Okay here we go.. federal supreme law states TREATYS ARE LAW OF THE LAND.… United States of America in Washington Dc is a Federal corporation.. the United States of America Constitution declares Treatys as supreme Law of the land.. the fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 belong to the Lakota- Nakota –Dakota and Cheyenne 

Therefore The Supreme of the United States has ruled that Corporations can only sue and be sued, Thus state of New Mexico or any state has no lawful right to be injurious to no one.

Quoting from the Congressional Record 87th Congress April 4, 1962 Vol. 108 Congressman Berry/BERRY admits the Federal Government has gone to every extreme in attempting to prove that the Indians are wrong; “that the white man owes no one for lands and property that has been taken from the Indian, that the Federal Government is not under obligation to keep its treaties with the Indian People.” 

(Congress admits to “Taking Land” IE Land Theft: Where is original Bills of Sale, Deeds, Land Transfer from Indians to British, French, Spain, Portugal or UNITED STATES, al et al.?)

To Neglect Treaty of the United States Constitution is Federal LAW and Treason of Treaty.

Bad Man clause of the Fort Laramie Treaty 1851 and 1868

From this day forward all war between the parties to this agreement shall for ever cease. The government of the United States desires peace, and its honor is hereby pledged to keep it. The Indians desire peace, and they now pledge their honor to maintain it.

If bad men among the whites, or among other people subject to the authority of the United States, shall commit any wrong upon the person or property of the Indians, the United States will, upon proof made to the agent, and forwarded to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs at Washington city, proceed at once to cause the offender to be arrested and punished according to the laws of the United States, and also reimburse the injured person for the loss sustainedor

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

Sunoco, behind protested Dakota Access pipeline, tops U.S. crude spill charts

Protesters demonstrate against the Energy Transfer Partners’ Dakota Access oil pipeline near the Standing Rock Sioux reservation, in Los Angeles, Sept. 13, 2016. REUTERS/Lucy Nicholson

HOUSTON—Sunoco Logistics, the future operator of the oil pipeline delayed this month after Native American protests in North Dakota, spills crude more often than any of its competitors with more than 200 leaks since 2010, according to a Reuters analysis of government data.

The lands of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe sit a half mile south of the proposed route of the Dakota Access pipeline. The tribe fears the line could destroy sacred sites during construction and that a future oil spill might pollute its drinking water.

A tribal protest over the $3.7 billion project drew broad support from other Native American tribes, domestic and international environmental groups and Hollywood celebrities.

In response to the tribe’s objections, the U.S. government earlier this month called for a temporary halt to construction along a section of the 1,100 mile line in North Dakota near the Missouri River.

While environmental concerns are at the heart of the Standing Rock Sioux protest, there is no reference to the frequency of leaks by Sunoco or its parent Energy Transfer Partners in a legal complaint filed by the tribe, nor has Sunoco’s spill record informed the public debate on the line.

Standing Rock Sioux Chairman Dave Archambault II told Reuters the tribe was aware of the safety record of Energy Transfer, but declined to elaborate.

Sunoco Logistics is one of the largest pipeline operators in the United States. Energy Transfer is constructing the Dakota Access pipeline to pump crude produced at North Dakota’s Bakken shale fields to the U.S. Gulf Coast. Once completed, it will hand over the pipeline’s operation to Sunoco.

Sunoco acknowledged the data and told Reuters it had taken measures to reduce its spill rate.

“Since the current leadership team took over in 2012, Sunoco Pipeline has enhanced and improved our integrity management program,” Sunoco spokesman Jeffrey Shields told Reuters by email.

This significantly cut the amount of barrels lost during incidents, he said.

The U.S. Department of Justice did not make any reference to the company’s spill rate when it decided to stall the project. It highlighted the need for reform in the way companies building infrastructure consult with Native American tribes.

Spokespeople for the Departments of Justice and the Interior, and the Army Corps declined to comment to Reuters on whether they were aware of Energy Transfer’s leak statistics when they jointly decided to halt construction of the line.

High spill rate

Reuters analyzed data that companies are obliged to disclose to the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration when they suffer spills and found that Sunoco leaked crude from onshore pipelines at least 203 times over the last six years.

PHMSA data became more detailed in 2010. In its examination, Reuters tallied leaks in the past six years along dedicated onshore crude oil lines and excluded systems that carry natural gas and refined products. The Sunoco data include two of its pipeline units, the West Texas Gulf and Mid-Valley Pipeline.

That made it the operator with the highest number of crude leak incidents, ahead of at least 190 recorded by Enterprise Products Partners and 167 by Plains All American Pipeline, according to the spill data reported to PHMSA, which is part of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

Enterprise said it has comprehensive safety and integrity programs in place and that many spills happened at its terminals.

Sunoco and Enterprise both said most leaks take place within company facilities and are therefore contained.

Plains All American did not respond to a request for comment.

Sunoco’s spill rate shows protesters may have reason to be concerned about potential leaks.

The main option that was considered for routing the line away from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe reservation was previously discarded because it would involve crossing more water-sensitive areas north of Bismarck, according to the project’s environmental assessment.

To be sure, most pipeline spills are small and pipelines are widely seen as a safer way to move fuel than alternatives such as rail.

Sunoco and its units leaked a total of 3,406 net barrels of crude in all the leaks over the last six years, only a fraction of the more than 3 million barrels lost in the largest spill in U.S. history, BP Plc’s Macondo well disaster in 2010.

Sunoco said it found that crude lines not in constant use were a significant source of leaks, so it had shut or repaired some of those arteries.

In 2015, 71 percent of pipeline incidents were contained within the operator’s facility, according to a report by the Association of Oil Pipe Lines, a trade group.

While total pipeline incidents have increased by 31 percent in the last five years, large spills of 500 barrels or more are down by 32 percent over the same time, the report said.

Sunoco accounted for about 8 percent of the more than 2,600 reported liquids pipeline leaks in the past six years in the United States.

Safety overhaul

The company has made previous efforts to improve safety, a former Sunoco employee who declined to be identified said. It overhauled safety culture after a spill in 2000, and did so again another in 2005 that dumped some 6,000 barrels of crude into the Kentucky River from its Mid-Valley Pipeline.

Sunoco acknowledged that some of its pipeline equipment dates back to the 1950s.

A 2014 corrective measure regulators issued for Sunoco’s Mid-Valley Pipeline cited “some history of internal corrosion failures” as a potential factor in a leak that sent crude into a Louisiana bayou near an area used for drinking water.

Crude spills on Sunoco’s lines in 2009 and 2011 drew a rebuke from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in a settlement announced this year.

The EPA said the settlement aimed to “improve the safety of Sunoco’s practices and to enhance its oil spill preparedness and response.”

In September, Sunoco received another corrective measure for its newly constructed Permian Express II line in Texas, which leaked 800 barrels of oil earlier this month. The company is already contesting a proposed $1.3 million fine from regulators for violations related to welding on that line.


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